Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in the state of Gujarat in western India, which has taken its name from a modern-day village 1 kilometer south of it.
It is also known locally as Kotada (which means large fort), sprawls over 100 hectares of semi-arid land at the northwest corner of the island of Khadir.
It is one of the largest Harappan cities in India and 5th largest in the subcontinent.
The journey to Dholavira itself is beautiful, taking you through the saline desert plains of the Great Rann, where you can spot wildlife such as chinkara gazelle, nilgai, flamingos, and other birdlife.
History of Dholavira
Dholavira located in Khadir island of the Rann of Kutch belonged to the Harappan phase. Today what is seen as a fortified quadrangular city set in a harsh arid land, was once a thriving metropolis for 1200 years (3000 BCE-1800 BCE) and had access to the sea prior to a decrease in sea level.
Structure Of Dholavira
The remains in the site also show a citadel with a middle and lower town. These structures were built with sun-dried brick and stone masonry. The inhabitants also built an underground drainage system for sanitation. Tourists can spot a large stadium with seating arrangements built as per the complex structure. Archaeologists have also found ten large-scale inscriptions carved in Indus Valley script, which are yet to be deciphered. Another attraction of the site is the archaeological museum, where one gets to see relics of the Indus valley civilization. Dholavira went into decline in the 5th and 7th stages of the Harappan culture.
The water conservation of Dholavira speaks volumes of the ingenuity of the people who developed a system based on rainwater harvesting to support life in a parched landscape, with scanty sweet water.
The inhabitants of Dholavira were master water conservationists. No significant rivers were flowing by, just two seasonal streams Mansar and Manhar. Nine reservoirs were built around the city to store water.
Other Attraction At Dholavira
- WOOD FOSSIL PARK
- BHANJANO DUNGAR
- Shangwari Mataji
- Flamingo city
How to Reach Dholavira
Ahmedabad is 330 kilometers from Bhuj approximately driving time is 7 hours.
It is 255 km from Bhuj and is reached via Bhachau and Rapar